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What Is Colon Rectal Surgery?

If you’re familiar with the term colorectal surgery, but aren’t sure exactly what it treats or the type of procedures it involves, you are not alone.

In fact, when it comes to colon and rectal surgery, many patients want to know: What is colon rectal surgery?

Continue reading to learn all about colorectal surgery, including 6 types of colon and rectal surgery.

What Is Colon Rectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgery is a medical specialty designed to treat issues involving the rectum, anus, and colon, including:

· Anal cancer

· Rectal cancer

· Colon cancer

· Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis

· Hemorrhoids

· Anal fissures

· Fistulas

· Anal itching

· Diverticulitis

What Are the Different Types of Colon and Rectal Surgery?


A colectomy, also known as a colon resection, is a surgical procedure that removes all or part of the colon.

It’s often performed to remove a segment of diseased bowl or a cancerous polyp from the colon or rectum.

In some cases, the entire colon must be removed, which necessitates creating an anastomosis between the end of the small intestine and the rectum.


During a colostomy, a colorectal surgeon makes a hole in the abdominal wall and pulls the colon through the opening.

Waste and fecal matter exit the body through this new opening and are collected in a colostomy bag, which must be emptied.

Endoscopic Surgery

Endoscopic surgery is a minimally-invasive procedure that uses tiny incisions and a scope, a flexible tube with a camera and light attached at the end, to repair damaged tissue and organs.

This technique can be used to avoid large incisions and scarring, minimize pain, reduce risks, and lead to a speedier recovery and faster healing.


Often times, hemorrhoids can be treated through lifestyle modifications and medications.

However, when these methods prove ineffective, a hemorrhoidectomy may be performed to remove hemorrhoids from the anus.

Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis (J-Pouch)

Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis is a type of colorectal surgery that creates a pouch at the end of the small intestine and attaches it to the anus.

This is done to restore stool function following a colectomy.


A resection is a colorectal procedure that removes all or part of a diseased or damaged organ and may be performed on the colon, rectum, anus, or small bowel.

Learn More About Colon Rectal Surgery

If you would like additional information about colon rectal surgery, please call our office today to schedule a comprehensive consultation with one of our highly skilled and talented colorectal surgeons.

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